- FTA which have Taiwan
- FTA Northern Triangle – Colombia (El Salvador, Guatemala and you may Honduras)
- FTA DR-CAFTA (Central The usa – Dominican Republic – All of us)
- FTA Central The usa – Panama (Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua)
- FTA Central The usa – Chile (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and you can Nicaragua)
- FTA Central The usa – Dominican Republic (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and you can Nicaragua)
- Preferential Trade Contract having Ecuador
- Preferential Change Contract having Belize
- Preferential Exchange Agreement having Venezuela
Preparations becoming discussed
Additionally, Guatemala falls under the main all over the world plans from rational property, and additionally their membership of the globe Mental Assets Company (WIPO) given that 1983 and contains started improving their statutes to strengthen intellectual property legal rights (IPRs) over the past while. The final update was over from Industrial Possessions Law, and this lead special forms of coverage to own geographic symptoms and you can appellations from provider for the Guatemala.
Yet not, the protection away from IPRs only enforce within the Guatemala, therefore the holder of these liberties will most likely not prevent the imports of goods are legitimately ended up selling and bought in a different country. The newest registration needs to be complete from the National Mental Property Registry; new registration procedure of trademarks usually takes anywhere between 5 to 6 months, whenever you are having patents around cuatro to help you 5 years.
Although IPR laws and regulations can be acquired, administration has been inconsistent; like there had been numerous times pursued, specifically for citation of copyrights (sounds, video, software) and you will trademarks (primarily to possess drug and you will dinner/beverages). As well, brand new registration processes isn’t for example efficient on account of bureaucracy items.
cuatro. Providers and you can Human Liberties (BHR)
Usually, Guatemala keeps was able an open and you may inviting posture so you can around the world person rights preparations. The nation has actually ratified and you may served multiple resolutions. But not, in practice it will continue to face execution trouble, like that have the individuals connected with acknowledging monetary, public and you will cultural liberties (look for Community Declaration (2022): Guatemala’s Person Legal rights ). Prevalent impoverishment and you will an enormous everyday field aggravate existing execution demands.
Currently there isn’t any National Plan (NAP) to implement the Un At the rear of Values with the Organization and Person Liberties. However, new Presidential Payment for Person Rights tend to direct into advancement of the Organization and People Rights Federal Plan, not, zero info have been common neither you will find a definite timelinee
Online could have been a push of municipal society in addition to personal field to put Volunteer Principles towards Cover and you may Individual Rights into national schedule. The latest Hub getting Personal Obligations Action in Guatemala CENTRARSE and the Studying Institute for Sustainable Creativity (IEPADES) have been leading it efforts. Several regional people particularly in the latest agro world business have implemented the fresh voluntary standards.
cuatro.step one Native communities and resource tactics
The absolute most well-known insecure teams from inside the Guatemala is actually indigenous someone, females and children. According to latest census (2019) Local individuals show 41.7% of population, nevertheless United nations quotes the fresh payment getting large at sixty%. New Comfort Accords finalized ranging from 1991 and 1996 noted the conclusion out-of 35 many years of civil battle. The brand new Identity and Native Liberties Accord (1995) particularly accepted this new term of different local groups and you will shown the Nation’s commitment to adopt a few measures to eliminate oppression and you may discrimination.
Into the 1997 Guatemala ratified ILO Conference 169. The fresh new Seminar understands that due to various other historical products, local and you will tribal teams have been unable to do it the simple human legal rights towards the same studies because other countries in the inhabitants and that governing bodies is always to suppose duty making sure that indigenous and tribal groups are able to do it, under equivalent requirements, new rights and potential accessible to the remainder inhabitants under local legislation.